Friday, January 25, 2013

Filter Press Sludge

Sludge comes from wastewater treatment plants are sometimes hazardous to environment especially comes from industrial wastewater treatment plants.

As usual for industrial wastewater treatment plants sludge drying units are commonly filter presses. This type of pressurized equipments gives %25 dry sludge and output can easily transport to landfill areas.

However this landfill process sometimes done uncontrolled ways without permission from environmental institutes.

Detailed filter press sludge can be find from following website.

Sunday, March 07, 2010

Incineration of municipal and hazardous solid wastes

"Incineration of municipal and hazardous solid wastes" was written by David A. Tillman, Amadeo J. Rossi, Katherine M. Vick in 1989. It is a pioneer reference book for scientists and engineers work on solid waste disposal industry.

Environmental protection starts with solid waste disposal especially in munical areas. Growing consumption brings the problem of storage of refuse. Electronical wastes, domestic wastes and hazardous wastes are scaring problems of today's goverments.

In this book people can find academical researchs and datas which gained by years experience on solid waste disposal techniques.

These are the identification tags of the Incineration of municipal and hazardous solid wastes
- ISBN: 0126912459
- Publisher: Academic Pres, San Diego

Monday, January 18, 2010

National Solid Waste Association of India (NSWAI)

Under this title news and event will be published in India, regarding munical solid waste management.

First event is a seminar about the collection and transportation of munical solid wastes originating from India.

Seminar on ‘Municipal Solid Waste Management: Collection and Transportation” was held on 07th October, 2006 organized by National Solid Waste Association of India (NSWAI) in collaboration with Maharashtra, Pollution Control Board (MPCB), Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) and P.G. Department of Family Resource Management, SNDT Women’s University at Juhu Campus, Mumbai.

The 3nd Kuwait Waste Management Conference
April 16-18, 2010
Kuwait City, Kuwait
Website: http://www.kuwaitwaste.com/

Identiplast 2010
April 15-18, 2010
Concert Noble Brussels, Belgium
Website: http://www2.plasticseurope.org/en/node/74

Tuesday, October 27, 2009

Plastic Melt Filter Press

Plastic Melt Filter Press
Plastik Melt filter press is used for pressing small particules such as, iron, glass, metals in plastic recycling industry. These solid wastes are contained in domestic refuse or industrial wastes.

Our melt filters compress the wastes with high temperature and high pressure. Main part and all of the spare part of the press are stainless steel which have long life time and less mechanical problems.

Capacity of our product are 125 to 2000 kg.

Saturday, October 03, 2009

Extruders (Granule)

extruder

Extrusion is the final step of the plastic material process in many application. Smooth materials are recycled by extruders granule extrusion line.

Extruders machine manufacturers take into account the sizes of plastic particles. Efficiency of plastic recycle is depend on mainly extruder manucturers quality.

"Ustun Is" Makina is the one of the biggest extruder manufacturer in Middle East and Europe for solid waste recycle industry.

You can look the pictures of the machine via our website.

Such extruder machines are capable of recycling refuse, indusry solid waste, domestical waste, household waste and plastic production in granular system for the followings; ABS-LDPE-HDPE- PE PP- PS- PC- SAN

Capacity of the extruder: 100 kg/h to 1200 kg/h.

Monday, September 21, 2009

Solid Waste Management Report

I have found a new research about solid waste management recently. It was carried out by Cleantech company which works on research issues. You can reach full version of the essay below.

This new report concludes that clean technology ('Cleantech') is on the cusp of transforming practically every business sector, and those who fail to face the challenge and indeed turn this into an opportunity, risk falling by the wayside.

http://www.cmslegal.com/Documents/Cleantech_Report_June2009.pdf

Tuesday, June 23, 2009

Sludge Drying Beds

Sludge drying bed is used as the last step of dewatering system. Sludge of the system is dewatered on these beds by evaporation and drainage. Moreover, cationic polymer can be added to get faster and easier dewatering process. The polymer accelerates the particle agglomeration, increasing the total amount of water that can be drained and reducing the amount of water that needs to be evaporated.

Close sand sludge drying bed is used in this dewatering process. This type of beds includes gravel, sand and sludge layers. Also, at the bottom part, under the gravel layer, there are plastic pipes for the under drainage. Closed sand drying bed is chosen do to EPA.

Thursday, April 23, 2009

Baltimore RESCO Trash-to-Energy Plant

Baltimore RESCO Solid waste plant is located in Baltimore, Maryland. It is one of the biggest solid waste plant in United States. In this plant wastes are burned to energy supply.

There are 16 plants like this one in the U.S.   This plant was opened in the fall of 1984 and services the needs of the city of Baltimore, Baltimore County, and the surrounding county of Anne Arundel. It has processed more than 9 million tons of waste so far, and can provide electricity for as many as 40,000 homes.  The steam from the plant satisfies the heating needs of the city of Baltimore and a large portion of its cooling needs.

You can reach the detailed trip notes from the following link.

Baltimore RESCO Solid Waste Plant, technical trip : http://www.eia.doe.gov/kids/energy_fungames/energyant_trips/trip_resco.html

Wednesday, December 17, 2008

Refuse Type, Amount and Incinerator Discharge

The incinerator be capable of handling garbage and rubbish up to a size limited only by the dimensionas of hopper door; larger-size refuse to be directly to the basement incinerators.

Inflammable refuse such as paint and lacquer containers, aerosol cans not be placed in flue-fed incinerators.

For design purposes, 2 pounds of refuse per person per day be assumed, with a unit weight per cubic foot of app. 5 pounds and that refuse be considered to comprise, by weight, 80% rubbish and 20% garbage, with heat content of 6000 Btu per pound.

Incinerator discharge is done by followings;

1- Particulate matter such as fly ash.
2- Smoke and opaque materials such as unburned hydracarbons, and
3- Odors emanating from one or a combination of such incineration products.

Friday, November 21, 2008

What is Incinerator?


It is a developed type of waste burner used in homes. Development of performance requirement and evaluative procedures for apartment building incineratorsconsistent with reducing air pollution to a minimum. In addition adaptation of existing or development of new incinerator designs which will ensure meeting the performance requirements will be in all other incinerator ways suitable for use.

The functions of a home incinerator are to;
1- Offer a convenience to tenants
2- Provide a more sanitary method of refuse disposal than container storage collection.
3- Serve as a labor-saving device for building owners.
4- Serves as a labor and cost-saving device for the municipality in reducing the weight and bulk of meterial which must be hauled from apartment building to final disposition point.

Municipal Wastes

Landfill means waste disposal on land. The practice has had various titles over the years: tips (UK); sanitary landfill (USA); coups (Scotland); dumps (Worldwide). Its opponents have given it less attractive names.

Traditionally, waste meterials have been deposited in voids or on adjacent land of little or no commercial or agriceltural value. Lack of finance and expertise had led to considerable environmental problems; water pollution, air pollution and vermin.

Sunday, November 02, 2008

Maximizing Waste Management Efficiency through the Use of RFID

Today we look at the research of Maximizing Waste Management Efficiency through the Use of RFID by Josh Wyatt from Texas Instruments.

Josh Wyatt is an RFID applications/systems engineer for the Texas Instruments RFID
Systems Group.

Increasing recycling and reducing disposal, while making the fee structures equitable, are the primary waste management operations poised to benefit from low frequency RFID technology.

As cities and corporations seek to improve their waste collection processes, RFID technology presents an opportunity to maximize waste management efficiency. With RFID, the process is automated, and has the potential to provide improved value for the waste management companies and the communities/citizens they serve. Additionally, the environmental impact is yet another incentive and positive byproduct of implementing change in the manual system.

In models that implement a PAYT system, individuals are more inclined to reduce, reuse or recycle if they are charged for the amount of waste they produce and are credited in some way for the amount of recyclable material they place out for collection. The hauler companies have an interest in better understanding the true cost structure of their businesses and how they can be more effective and thus, improve their processes. The RFID piece of the equation plays a pivotal
role in the waste management industry because it introduces a proven, rugged, low maintenance, unique identifier that the collection and billing processes can use to truly automate the system.

Texas Instruments, with its application experience in waste management, offers low frequency RFID solutions that automate and improve the entire waste collection process.

You can reach the full text from http://www.solidwastemag.com/PostedDocuments/PDFs/2008/TI%20Waste%20Management%20White%20Paper.pdf

Wednesday, July 04, 2007

Hierarchy of Solid Waste Management

Used to rank actions to implement programs within the community.

A. Source reduction
B. Recycling/reuse
C. Waste transfor.
D. landfilling

E.g. ISWM hierarchy adopted by the US EPA...

A. Source reduction can be achieved by design, manufacture and packaging of products also selective buying and reuse.

B. Recycling helps to reduce the demand on resources and decreases the amount to be landfilled. It involves

* Separation and collection of waste materials
* Preparation of these materials for reuse,reprocessing and remanufacture.

C. Waste transformation is supplied by altering the waste physically, chemically, and biologically (decreases the amount to be landfilled)

D. Landfilling is ultimately used for, SW that cannot be recycled and of no further
use,residual matter after SW separated in materials recovery facility (MRF), Residual matter after recovery of conversion products or energy.

Planning an integrated waste system for a given region should involve comparison of the environmental impacts and economic costs of different schemes to determine which are environmentally and economically sustainable in that region

INTEGRATED SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

When all of the functional elements have been evaluated for use and all interfaces and connections between elements matched for effectiveness and economy - community developed an ISWM system.

In dealing waste there are two fundamental requirements;
- Less waste
- Effective system for managing waste still produced

The costs of raw materials and energy, and rising disposal costs for commercial and industrial waste will ensure that waste reduction continues to be pursued by industry for
- Economic
- Environmental reasons

Designing an effective solid waste management system

Strive for both of the following;
- Environmental sustainability
- Economic sustainability

To achieve these, the system should be integrated; a system that deals with
- All types of solid waste materials
- All sources of solid waste (domestic, industrial,...)
- After waste collection and sorting


Note that to handling all waste in an environmentally sustainable way requires a range of the treatment options.

Landfill is the only method that can handle all wastes alone but may posses environmental problems.

Using other options before landfilling can reduce or eliminate some waste streams, reduce volume, improve physical and chemical stability of the residue space requirements decreases and also environmental impacts decreases.

Sunday, December 24, 2006

Sources, Types and Composition of SW

SWs can be seperated into 4 main category as follows;

1- Municipal Solid Wastes
2- Industrial Solid Wastes
3- Agricultural Solid Wastes
4- Treatment Plant sites, incinerators

Solid Waste Management Activities

The activities associated with the management of Solid Waste can be grouped into six fuctional groups;

1- Waste Generation.
This step is simply identification step.

2- Waste handling and seperation, storage, and processing at the source.
Handling and separation activities until placed in storage containers. From the stand point of materials specifications and revenues from the sale of recovered metarials, best place to seperate for reuse and recyling.

3- Collection
Gathering of the solid waste and recyclables.

4- Seperation and processing and transformation of solid wastes.
Seperation and processing usually occurs at metarials recovery center (MRF), transfer station, combustion facilities, disposal sites.

5- Transfer and transport.

6- Disposal
Landfilling is the final fate of the all solids.

Friday, November 17, 2006

History of Solid Waste Disposal

* Lack of Solid Waste management led to the epidemic of plague that killed 50 percent of 14th century Europians.

* By 19th century, public health measures were started tı be taken collection and disposal of food wastes to control vectors of disease.

- In 500 BC, the Athens organized the first municipal landfill in the western world and required waste disposal tı be at least one mile from city walls.

- The first incinerator in the US is built on Governor's Island, New York (1885)

- In 1888, English Parliament puts a ban on waste disposal in public waterways and ditches. Waste disposal methods involve simply throwing garbage out of windows and doors.

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